Custody disputes arising after one parent moves away can be some of the most “intractable” conflicts often leading to arbitration or litigation. It’s a tough issue; it’s often hard to find a grey zone, or room for settlement between the parties, because it usually appears to be an all-or-nothing scenario.
Such situations tend to come up when one parent either accepts a job in another area or moves to be closer to a new partner. Often, the resettlement can disrupt an established shared parenting arrangement that's been in place for years.
In this blog posting April Cunningham writes that it’s important for parties to understand that in any dispute that goes to court, the judge will consider what is in the best interests of the child. Courts consider job circumstances, family support and other factors in custody and access decisions when one parent moves away, but all in all it comes down to what's best for the children. Mediation helps parents consider possible alternative parenting arrangements.